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William Ayers

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William Ayers (or Harris)

 

New World Celt-Irish

 

In 1492, an Irishman undoubtedly familiar with English seagoing activities sailed with Columbus on the Santa Maria.

Columbus’s crew sighted land on October 12, 1492 in the Bahamas; the exact island is the subject of much debate. He arrived in Cuba on October 28. While sailing on the northern coast of Cuba, the captain of the Pinta, Martin Alonso Pinzón, took off on his own, searching for an island called "Babeque". The natives of the area had told him that it was a land of many riches and plenty of gold. Columbus continued with his other two ships, and sailed southeast and discovered Española on December 5th.

 

Columbus reached Acul Bay (Cap Haitien, the capital of Haiti) on December 22.  He was greeted by 1,000 people with a
gift of gold from their chief and an invitation to his village on Caracol Bay.
The Tainos were friendly. In fact, the word taino meant "good" or "noble" in their language. The Tainos had no weapons, except for small spears. They were generous, too. They traded and gave what they had with good will. Columbus even describes the gentleness of these people in his journal. But Columbus was mostly interested in their gold. He had noticed that many Indians wore gold jewelry. He tried hard to discover the source of the gold.


But on Christmas Eve, the Santa Maria ran aground on a reef. Today, all that is left of the ship is an anchor on display in
the National Museum of Haiti in Port-au-Prince. Columbus took the accident as an omen from God to make a settlement and to build a fort
with the remains of the Santa Maria in the chief's village, naming it La Villa de Navidad.


Since all of his men could not fit on the Niña, he left a group of 39 at La Navidad, on January 2nd, of 1493, and continued his explorations along the coast of Española, headed towards Spain. Farther down the coast he ran into the Pinta. He hoped to return to Spain hoping to mount another expedition to rescue the men that he was leaving behind in La Navidad. The Pinta and Nina returned home in January, leaving those thirty-nine crewmembers in the New World.

Within a short time of his departure, these settlers began fighting among themselves, with some of them getting killed. They also offended the natives by forcibly taking 3 or 4 of their wives or sisters each, and forcing them to work as their servants. After several months of these abuses, a tribal chief named Caonabo attacked the settlement and killed the remaining Spaniards.

Columbus and his younger brother Diego set out from Spain again in 1493. After a smooth voyage, they landed on a wooded, mountainous island that Columbus named Dominica.

From the Virgin Islands, the explorer moved north to Borinquen (Puerto Rico), where he anchored at Anasco Bay (south of Rincon).  Next Columbus headed for his colony at La Navidad, but when Columbus and the fleet arrived at Caracol Bay, La Navidad the next spring with a large expedition, he and the Spaniards were shocked to find that the settlement they had left behind was empty and had been burned to the ground. There were no survivors.  Like the first landfall and so many other questions regarding Columbus, the location of La Navidad is still a mystery.  However, it is probably located in a field near the small village of En Bas Saline east of Cap Haitien.


An archeological team has been excavating the site and believes it has indeed uncovered La Navidad. For Columbus, the tragedy of La Navidad marked the beginning of a long series of misfortunes from which he never recovered.

List of Officers and Sailors in the First Voyage of Columbus in 1492: the list of the crew of the three ships, list only 87 names; but, some historians believe that there may have been up to 120 men. Most of the crew were experienced Spanish sailors from the vicinity of Palos.

Those who were left in Hispaniola, and perished, most of them murdered by the natives: Among them was Guillermo Ires, [qy. William Ayers, or William Harris?], of Galney [i.e. Galway], Ireland. (From The Discovery Of America by John Fiske published in 1892. This list is taken from Captain Caesreo Fernaudez Duro's learned monograph)

 

John Ross

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John Ross Cherokee Chief

New World Celt

Scottish

Born:Turkeytown(near Center), Alabama, October 3, 1790
Died: Washington, D.C., August 1, 1866

John Ross was the first and only elected Chief of the Cherokee Nation from the time it was formed 1828 until his death in 1866. Highly regarded for his role in leading the fight against removal and leading his people to their exile in Oklahoma.

Ross had a private tutor as a youth. Although only one-eighth Cherokee, Ross played Native American games and kept his Indian ties. Early in his life he was postmaster in Rossville, Ga. and a clerk in a trading firm. The town he founded as Rossville Landing grew much larger than it's namesake as Chattanooga, Tennessee.  Growing up with the constant raids of whites and Indians, Ross witnessed much of the brutality on the early American frontier. "Little John" served as a Lieutenant in the Creek War, fighting with many famous Americans including Sam Houston. When future president and Cherokee oppressor Andrew Jackson called the Battle of Horseshoe Bend "one of the great victories of the American frontier," losing 50 men while killing 500 Creek men, women, and children, John Ross penned the words.

Ross was viewed as astute and likable, and frequently visited Washington. After the death of James Vann, Ross joined Charles Hicks, with whom he worked, and Major Ridge as a member of the Cherokee Triumvirate.  Ross, one of the richest men in North Georgia before 1838 had a number of ventures including a 200-acre farm and owned a number of slaves. He would not speak Cherokee in council because he felt his command of the language was weak.

After the death of Charles Hicks, and others in the early 1820's, settlers believed that the Cherokee time was short. Ross and others decided to make legal moves to prevent the forced removal including organizing the Cherokee tribe as a nation, with its own Constitution, patterned after the Constitution of the United States of America. As president of the Constitutional Convention that convened in the summer of 1827 he was the obvious choice for Principal Chief in the first elections in 1828. He held this post until his death in 1866. Ridge, his close friend and ally, would serve the last years in Georgia as "counselor," for lack of a better word to describe the roll.

Over the first 10 years of his rule he fought the white man not weapons but with words. As the encroachment of the settlers grew, he turned to the press to make his case. When the Land Lottery of 1832 divided Cherokee land among the whites he filed suit in the white man's courts and won, only to see the ruling go unenforced. His old friend Major Ridge and the Treaty Party signed away the Cherokee land in 1835. Ross got 16,000 signatures of Cherokees to show the party did not speak for a majority of the tribe, but Andrew Jackson forced the treaty through Congress. He lost his first wife, Quatie, on the "Trail Where They Cried," or as it is more commonly known, the Trail of Tears.

 

A New World Celt, John descended from the tradition of the Highland Clan Ross and the magnificent Cherokee Nation.